Malaria drug list

Dec 15, 2020 | Malaria | 0 comments

This article contains a list of the current anti-malaria medication used when travelling within Africa.

Country Name

Malaria in Country

Drug Resistance

Malaria Type

Prophylaxis for Areas with Malaria

South Africa

Present in the Mpumalanga Province, Limpopo (Northern) Province, and northeastern KwaZulu-Natal as far south as the Tugela River.ᅠPresent in Kruger National Park.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. vivax 5%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Angola

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5%, P. vivax 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Botswana

Present in the following districts: Northwest, Chobe, Central, Northeast, and Ghanzi. None in the cities of Gaborone and Francistown.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5%, P. vivax 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Burundi

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 86%, P. vivax 12%, P. malariae 2%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Comoros

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum primarily

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Congo

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5-10%, P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Congo, DRC

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. ovale 5-10%, P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Kenya

Present in all areas (including game parks) at altitudes <2,500m (<8,202ft).ᅠNone in Nairobi.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 85%, P. vivax 5-10%, P. ovale up to 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Lesotho

None

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

Madagascar

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 85%, P. vivax 5-10%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Malawi

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax 10%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Mozambique

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 95%, P. malariae and P. ovale 5%, P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Namibia

Present in the provinces of Kunene, Ohangwena, Okavango, Omaheke, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa,and the Caprivi Strip.

Chloroquine

P. falciparum 90%, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax 10%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Rwanda

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >85%, P. vivax 5%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Swaziland

Present in eastern areas bordering Mozambique and South Africa, including all of Lubombo district and the eastern half of Hhohho and Shiselweni districts.

Chloroquine

p. falciparum 90%, P. vivax 5%, P. ovale 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Tanzania

All areas at altitudes <1,800m (<5,906ft).

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >85%, P. malariae and P. ovale >10%, and P. vivax rare

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Zambia

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >90%, P. vivax up to 5%, P. ovale up to 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

Zimbabwe

All

Chloroquine

P. falciparum >90%, P. vivax up to 5%, P. ovale up to 5%

Atovaquone/ proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine

 

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