The risk for malaria increases from September and September to May is considered the malaria season. Overall control initiatives have been very successful in the malaria transmission areas. Mostly falciparum malaria is seen. The risk remains low in KwaZulu-Natal and is confined to the very far northern KZN.
There is no malaria in the Drakensberg, Hhluhlwe and Umfolozi Game Parks and St Lucia areas. The risk of malaria in the Kruger National Park will increase and malaria chemoprophylaxis needs to be considered.
Mozambique has year round malaria and the risks in southern Zambia, Zimbabwe (Victoria Falls) will likewise increase.
Measures to reduce mosquito bites (the malaria mosquitoes are most active from sunset to sunrise) are essential and include application of DEET containing insect repellents to exposed areas, wearing of long pants and socks and sleeping under a mosquito net.
To view the South Africa malaria map, click here ...
Travellers to, and residents in, malaria endemic areas are at risk of acquiring malaria. Stringent non-drug measures should be taken to avoid mosquito bites throughout the year, even in low malaria transmission areas. In addition, effective chemoprophylaxis should be taken whenever and wherever the risks of acquiring malaria exceed the probability of experiencing a serious adverse reaction to the chemoprophylaxis. The risk of acquiring malaria is determined by the malaria transmission intensity in the area, season of visit, length of stay, type of accommodation, and likely activities between dusk and dawn.
Since 2000, the burden of malaria morbidity and mortality has been reduced substantially. Implementing more effective treatments for uncomplicated malaria (artemether-lumefantrine) and severe malaria (intravenous artesunate), as well as strengthening of mosquito vector control and malaria information systems, were among the measures that contributed to improved malaria control. These advances paved the way toward the South African Department of Health refocusing its efforts to work towards malaria elimination.
MALARIA ADVISORY FOR THE KRUGER NATIONAL PARK
Updated: 01 March 2018
You are advised to visit your general practice surgery or a travel medicine clinic at least 6 weeks before you travel. However, it is never too late to seek advice.
If you have a medical condition, you are advised to discuss the suitability of the trip before you book.